Graduated from Ohio University with a Bachelor’s Degree in Business Administration. Over 20 years of entrepreneurial experience developing markets related to coal combustion by-products. Developed and commercialized a proprietary beneficiation solution used to mitigate residual carbon in fly ash. Jim also commercialized the use of water treatment lime residuals for use as scrubbing reagent. This process significantly improves scrubber efficiency while reducing reagent costs. Jim holds several patents related to compounds and methods for treating fly ash. Most recently, Jim merged FlyAshDirect with Waste Management to combine marketing services with disposal expertise.