Green energy is currently one of the most promising fields all over the world. Improving the technologies of utilizing renewable and alternative energy sources, in order to address energy deficit issues and environmental challenges, has become a new stage of technological development in the world’s economy.
The aim of the International Specialized Exhibition Astana EXPO 2017 is to bring together the best energy-related projects to demonstrate what the future energy should be like and what it will look like. 115 countries are taking part in the exhibition in Astana. Each national pavilion is presenting at least one energy-efficient innovation: the latest models of wind turbines and solar panels, waste recycling projects, various types of electric vehicles, and even Formula E electric racing car.
The key focal point among visitors is the pavilion of Kazakhstan, which can be found at the base of the world’s largest spherical building – Nur Alem. The eight-storey structure with a diameter of 80 meters and a total area of 24,000 square meters has already become a world landmark. On the eight floors of the Sphere, kinetic energy, as well as solar, wind, biomass, hydro and space energy are all presented in an interactive and informative way. Kazakhstan’s national pavilion occupies the ground floor of the Nur Alem building and is divided into two zones.
The first section of the pavilion – Introducing Kazakhstan – presents the culture and history of the Republic. In the Creative Energy section, visitors can learn more about Kazakhstan’s best projects in the field of energy and environment. These projects include models of Molotov wind turbines, technology to produce solar heating panels – flat-plate solar collectors, the Eskolit-K research project for waste glass recycling and many others.
The largest project in the Kazakhstan’s national pavilion is Tokamak – Kazakhstani Material Testing Reactor Tokamak (KTM). The installation is a closed magnetic trap designed to create and retain high-temperature plasma and produce a thermonuclear reaction.
France’s pavilion is presenting a project of the international thermonuclear experimental reactor (ITER). The large installation, which is scheduled to start experiments in 2025, is capable of fully replacing traditional energy sources. ITER will be the first large-scale attempt to use the thermonuclear reaction that takes place in the sun in particular to generate electricity. In terms of complexity, the project is comparable to the large hadron collider; the reactor has more than ten million structural elements.
Germany, the second country in Europe in terms of investments in renewable energy, invites EXPO 2017 guests to visit The City of the Future. A model of a wind park, solar panels, Smart Grid and Smart Home systems, and energy storage technologies are on display at the pavilion. Germany are also demonstrating the eco-friendly BMW i8.
The British pavilion is one of the largest at EXPO 2017 and is designed like a Kazakh yurt. It offers a journey into the world of the best British innovation and discoveries that have changed our lives and transformed the world: from the locomotive to the Internet. Visitors to the pavilion will also be able to see the latest discovery made by British scientists – graphene, a pioneering material that could radically change how we produce and consume energy.
Russia demonstrates its potential in renewable energy using the Arctic as an example. Guests of the exhibition United Energy Flow are transported to the lands of the Russian North where they are able even to see and touch a real iceberg. The exhibition area of the Russian pavilion includes the sections Hydrocarbons, Hydropower, Nuclear Energy and Alternative/Renewable Energy and Other Technologies demonstrating models of hybrid diesel-solar power, TEEMP supercapacitors, a model hybrid power plant, high-temperature superconductivity technologies, etc.
The main goal of the International Specialized Exhibition EXPO 2017 is not simply to demonstrate the latest energy innovations, but also to promote the use of these technologies in our lives. Kazakhstan, the host of the green exhibition, despite being rich in oil and gas reserves, is implementing a target policy of renewable energy development. The Republic has great potential for extensive use of all kinds of renewable energy sources. It is planned that by 2030, the share of renewable energy sources in Kazakhstan’s total electricity generation will be approximately 10%, and by 2050, half of the power produced in the country will be green.