The number of global large-scale integrated carbon capture and storage projects (LSIPs) dropped from 75 to 65 in 2013, according to a report from the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute.
The institute monitors the number of LSIPs as a method of tracking the progress of CCS developments and defines LSIPs as “projects considered to be at a sufficiently large scale to be representative of commercial-scale process streams.”
The report states 13 LSIPs have been removed from the institute’s list since 2012, with five of those being canceled, seven put on hold and one downscaled. Three LSIPs were added to the list, however, reducing, bringing the total number to 65.
According to the institute, four projects have commenced operation since 2012, making a total of 12 CCS projects in operation, and two projects have commenced construction since 2012, making a total of eight projects under construction.
Of the 65 projects identified by the institute, the U.S. has the most with 20, with Europe second with 15 and China third with 12.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently proposed a new rule that would limit CO2 emissions from new coal-fired units to 1,100 pounds of CO2 per megawatt-hour, which would require advanced emissions controls such as CCS.