Owners of coal-fired power plants invested more than $30 billion in flue gas desulfurization systems, also known as scrubbers, between 2007 and 2011, according to a report from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
According to the report, scrubbers were installed at around 110 coal-fired power plants in 34 states during that time, raising the amount of scrubbed generating capacity in the U.S. from 115 GW to just more than 191 GW. That number represents a little less than 60 percent of coal-fired, steam electric generation capacity in the U.S.
According to the EIA, utilities made the investments in scrubbers in response to several regulatory initiatives, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Air Interstate Rule.
The increase in installed scrubbers has helped create a reduction of SO2 emissions, which were 68 percent lower in 2011 than the 1990 level and 46 percent lower than the 2007 level. Other factors in that reduction include coal-fired plants burning less coal and switching to a lower sulfur coal.
Plant operators in Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland and Georgia made 43 percent of the total national investment in scrubbers, spending a total of $13 billion between 2007 and 2011, according to the EIA. Ohio plants spent more than any other state, making a $3.6 billion investment in scrubbers over that time period.
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