Exports of coal from the U.S. to Canada have tumbled in recent years as Canada has reduced its coal-fired power generation and shifted to lower-emission fuels.
The 3.2 million tons of coal exported from the U.S. to Canada in the first half of 2012 accounted for about 5 percent of total U.S. coal exports. As a share of total coal exports from the U.S., those to Canada are slated to reach a record low this year. In 2011, 16 percent of the electricity produced in Canada came from coal, down 2 percent from 2010. Further declines are forecast in coming years.
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