3 March 2004 – Electricity of Vietnam [EVN] is planning for the generation of 2.5-3bn kWh more power than was initially planned for this year.
The extra electricity was included in the planned generation of 46-47bn kWh, including 40bn kW-h of commercial electricity for 2004, EVN general director Dao Van Hung said on Monday. The extra electricity would mean fulfilling the 2001-05 ahead of schedule, he said.
The revised target was set because several power plans completed last year will be working this year.
EVN would spend almost $1.3bn building and refurbishing power plants in 2004, said Hung.
These plants, the add-on combined cycle power plant Phu My 2.1, the hydro electricity station Can Don, the thermo Phu My 3 and Phu My 4 plants and Na Duong – have a combined capacity of 1510 MW.
The money was expected to help generate sufficient electricity to meet the planned growth in gross domestic product of between 7-8 per cent.
EVN was negotiating with domestic banks and credit organisations for the money for the electricity projects. It was also seeking money from the World Bank, Asia Development Bank and the Japanese Bank for International Co-operation.
EVN has used international loans for a variety of projects. These have included the 500kV Pleiku-Thuong Tin transmission line, complete with the necessary transformers, built with loans from Belgium and the Nordic Investment Bank.
Other projects are the 500kV Pleiku-Doc Soi-Da Nang electrical transmission line and a number of 110-220 kV electrical grids that are now working.
This year’s electricity projects include the Song Ba Ha, Bac Binh, Se San 4, Dong Nai 3 and Dong Nai 4 hydro-stations and the Quang Ninh, Ninh Binh extension and the O Mon thermo-electric plants.
In addition, the Tan Dinh 500kV power station will be built and the Cai Lay-O Mon section of the Nha Be-O Mon 500 kV power transmission line will be erected.
The industry generated 40.9 million kWh last year, 8 per cent more than the yearly plan. About 85 per cent of households in Vietnam have electricity,
The electricity industry should raise its reserve to 15-20 per cent of the country’s total capacity to ensure power supply in busy hours this year, especially in the long dry spell, said National Centre for Electricity Control and Distribution deputy director, Nguyen Danh Son.
More reserve electricity would mean the country would no longer suffer from electrical shortages during dry seasons and avert any possible energy crisis, he said.
Son also suggested the strengthening of co-operation between Vietnam’s three regional power networks and the transfer of electricity from southern generating plants to northern regions to secure supplies.
Meantime, water from the Hoa Binh reservoir, outside Hanoi, will still be used to irrigate rice fields, in preparation for the spring-summer dry season.
But the managers of the station must make the effort to conserve water until the rainy season begins in late April, said Son. Hoa Binh is the country’s largest power plant.
Its eight turbine groups have a total capacity of 1920 MW and engineers are researching the feasibility of building the Son La hydroelectric power plant on the upper part of the Da River with a designated capacity of 2400 MW.