Coal, Emissions

Energy Use, Carbon EmissionsContinue Worldwide Rise

Issue 3 and Volume 102.

Energy Use, Carbon EmissionsContinue Worldwide Rise

Total world energy consumption grew about 3 percent in 1995 and again in 1996, suggesting upward pressures on world energy use. Three countries–the United States, Russia, and China–produced 40 percent and consumed 42 percent of the world`s energy in 1996. Regionally, between 1987 and 1996, Latin America had the highest annual rate of growth of energy production at 5 percent and Asia had the highest annual rate of energy consumption growth at 5 percent.

According to the “International Energy Annual 1996,” released in January 1998 by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), world CO2 emissions from the consumption of fossil fuels grew by about 2 percent during 1996. CO2 emission growth rates lag overall energy consumption growth rates because of the increasing role of natural gas, growth in demand for oil and gas uses that sequester part of their carbon, and the growth of renewable energy sources.

Other international energy highlights for 1996 include:

Five countries (United States, Russia, China, Saudi Arabia and Canada) produced half the world`s energy in 1996.

Five countries (United States, China, Russia, Japan and Germany) consumed half the world`s energy in 1996.

Natural gas has grown as a portion of total world energy consumption–rising from 20 percent in 1987 to 22 percent in 1996. During the same decade, petroleum dropped from 40 percent to 39 percent and coal fell from 27 percent to 25 percent.

Energy consumption in Asia grew about 3 percent in 1996 and faster (5 percent per year) than any region of the world between 1987 and 1996.

Though energy consumption in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union dropped by 2 percent during 1996, this was the smallest decline since 1990 and may have marked the beginning of the end of sagging energy markets in these countries.

The report is available through EIA`s National Energy Information Center at (202) 586-8800. p