Groups to know; Sources for information
In the January, 1995, OEnvironmentally SpeakingO column of Power Engineering, we first mentioned the name of an organization worth knowing?The Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia. Reader response included a letter that told us of a new organization worth watching. About to begin operations at this writing, the new group was formed at the University of Wyoming in 1993. Known as The Institute for Environment and Natural Resource Research and Policy (IENRRP), the organization seeks to develop balanced technical, scientific and policy solutions to pressing environment and natural resource situations.
In its initial meeting, the IENRRP policy board recommended a set of specific research project criteria. For example, each project must: have relevance to at least one of the six institute research Oclusters;O present long-term consequences for the nation; be subject to multidisciplinary research approaches; be subject to fact-based, scientifically-sound research applications; and allow institute researchers to have an impact upon public debate.
Thomas D. Crocker, a University of Wyoming professor, is the institute?s founding director. William D. Ruckelshaus, Browning Ferris Industries, chairs the policy board and was the first administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. Thomas A. Lockhart, PacifiCorp, joins Anthony G. Fernandes, ARCO Coal Co., William R. Corbin, Weyerhaeuser Co., and several other representatives from business and industry on the board. Individuals on the board also represent several of the larger environmental organizations.
The six operating clusters of research assets at the institute are: (1) clean energy and material use, development and disposal; (2) ecosystem structure, function and dynamics; (3) allocation systems, valuation and risk; (4) environmental conditions and economic and social interaction; (5) land and water resource system management; and (6) atmospheric and climate resources and systems. IENRRP also functions as a marketplace for issues, debate, innovation, policy, technology and consideration of the public good.
Professor Crocker explains that the institute hopes to be a place Othat brings different factions together that are involved in the environmental debate, including the scientific and technological side as well as the policy side. There is no quiet place to exchange, hear and present the varied perspectives represented by all factions.O A broad variety of facilities and devices enables the University and IENRRP to pursue an unfettered path of study. Among these are a network of laboratories in the Center for Information Technology; the Composite Materials Laboratory; the Enhanced Oil Recovery Institute; an observatory, a high-altitude balloon facility, and an instrumented airplane for atmospheric measurement duty. The IENRRP also boasts an Environmental Simulation Laboratory that has a variety of environmental, herbarium and research centers to study everything from birds to aquatic life.
It is interesting to learn of new research groups and what they hope to do, but organizations, such as the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), that currently focus their efforts on keeping the power generation industry Oon lineO with productive studies deserve constant attention. An example of productive ongoing industry research/development relates to work involving the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). EPRI developed definitions for compliance monitoring detection level (CMDL) and compliance monitoring quantitation level (CMQL) for trace metals.
These definitions account for the variability present in monitoring situations. All of this was in response to problems arising in monitoring and compliance verification because definitions and quantitation levels of trace metals used by regulatory agencies contain fundamental measurement differences that do not account for the complex nature of power plant aqueous discharges. According to Jim Stine, Baltimore Gas & Electric Co., the EPRI data and improved measurement definitions better account for measurement variability and can help utilities work with water quality agencies to establish fair, workable discharge permit limits.
NPDES permits limit trace metal discharges for many steam electric power plants, and plants currently without these trace metal restrictions may face these limits after renewing current NPDES permits. For more information on CMDL and CMQL definitions, contact Babu Nott, Manager, Toxics Monitoring and Remediation Environmental Control Unit at (415) 855-7946 or Winston Chow, Team Manager, Pollution Prevention and Waste/Water Management, Environmental Control Unit at (415) 855-2868. END
New AWMA reference manual
Anthony J. Buonicore, Environmental Data Resources, has prepared a new reference manual, Cleanup Criteria for Contaminated Soil and Groundwater, for the Air & Waste Management Association (AWMA). Touted as the ultimate answer to the question OHow clean is clean?O the book is a compilation of cleanup criteria currently available, including at least 300 pages of tables showing cleanup standards and guidelines. The user can identify cleanup standards and guidelines for any chemical around the world and can find, by chemical name CAS number, states, regulatory programs and more.
The book provides numerical cleanup criteria under various regulatory programs, including Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Safe Drinking Water Act, Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act and Toxic Substance Control Act. Special sections are devoted to background soil concentrations, chemical toxicity data, chemical detection limit information, chemical synonyms and chemicals associated with regulatory programs. The book comes with a computer diskette at the nonmember price of $285 hardcover and $245 for the softcover version. Contact the AWMA, Third Floor, One Gateway Center, Pittsburgh, Pa. 15222.
Additions to AAEE?s Wastech Series
Two new books have been added to the Wastech Monograph series on Innovative Site Remediation Technology produced by the American Academy of Environmental Engineers (AAEE). One is on Solvent/Chemical Extraction and the other is on Bioremediation. Each book is available for $49.95 by contacting AAEE at 130 Holiday Court, Suite 100, Annapolis, Md. 21401 or by calling (410) 266-3311. Wastech is a partnership of AWMA, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Society of Civil Engineers and AAEE, along with three government agencies: the Department of Defense, Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency.